Way Kambas Video Trap

Enjoy the Way Kambas National Park endangered mega fauna and other rare wildlife species caught in video. Find mother and baby of Sumatran rhino, challenging young male Sumatran tiger, big family of Sumatran elephant, funny Malayan sun-bear and curious Malayan tapir.

Way Kambas: The Best Asian Night Birding

It was written by Janos Olah & Attila Simay in Birding Asia magazine, on 2007. Not only the great variety of the otherwise scarce and hard to-come-by species is what makes this national park world-famous, but also the relative ease in finding them. No other place in sumatra that has 4 species of Frogmouth.

Monday, May 15, 2017

Guest diary - Simona Colombo (Italy)

May 14th 2017 started as a quite normal day, then it became an unforgetable experience for me.
In the morning, ALeRT members Danang, Yahya and Budi picked me up to go to Way Kambas NP and meet a group of university students who came to help reforestation planting new trees. 
I just finished to plant my young tree, when Danang received a phone call: there was a fire in Baru Reforestation area. The team was immediatly needed to take action on site and I wanted to join them in order to record the intervention and take pictures. So we ran back to ALeRT office and we took the cross-country vehicle used for fire fighting activity. Water and food for the team was loaded and Yahya drove to the fire area. Along the way, local people joined the team to help. They stayed on the car roof and, from inside, I was thinking of them jumping because the road became worser and worser as we got into the park: deep holes dug by the rain, rocks and grass as high as the car windows. But Yahya is an experinced driver and no one jumped off the roof. When we passed through low vegetation, we could see for the first time the cloud of smoke coming from the fire rising in the sky and for a moment that vision left me without words.

As we approached the fire, I realized it was made of several burnings spread around us. The car engine was turned off and I was impressed by the sound I could now listen to. When you think of a fire, you always imagine the flames, the heat, the smell of ashes, but you never think about the sound. That was the sound of the fire: not a whisper, but a loud crackling voice filling up the air from every direction to let you know that you are surrounded by danger. And I also heard its laugh with every wind fever through the dry grass, making flames suddenly appear where, just one second before, there was only a line of smoke.
Another car arrived with national park staff to help. I watched those men and boys taking manual fire estinguishers from the back of the vehicles, wearing hats insted of helmets, headscarf instead of anti-smoke masks: that's what they have to fight fires in the forest. They really need better equipmet, I hope fundraising campaigns will work for this and all the other needs to manage all ALeRT projectsand activities. One passing cloud helped with a little rain, but not enough. I stayed at the car, climbed up the roof and watched those courageous men go facing the flames. While taking pictures, I was thinking about their passion for nature conservation because I knew they fighted worse fires than this.
The first front of the fire was extinct and, before facing the second one, the team had a break to drink, eat and, of course, breathe again. They came back to the car and asked if everyone is ok. They are so used to this kind of events – 36 in 2016 and already 5 in 2017 – that my question sounded sweet and funny to them.
Let's go fighting the second front! That one looked immediately stronger, the air seemed liquid and crossed by waves for the heating. Once again the team went into the battle and I stayed on the car roof taking pictures, but this time there was something new. I listened to a new sound besides the forest burning: the cry of an elephant. I heard it again and it is heartbreaking because it reminds me of a father calling his children and telling them to run away. Later, Danang tell me the team often finds dead animals after fires, sometimes the wind makes the flames go so fast that even birds cannot escape. This time the elephants are lucky, the wind is weak and brave men finally won the last fire.
On the way back, we had a stop at Susukan Baru reforestation centre for lunch, it was four o'clock in the afternoon. The team takes time to relax, Budi plays the guitar and someone is singing. The sun is going down behind the trees and everything is golden around me. May 14th 2017 was just another day for Yahya, Danang, Budi (ALeRT staff), Agustinus, Amrodi, Untoro, Deni, Sigit, Nugroho, Badri (National Park staff), Dodo, Irfan, Misradi (helping friends from villages around the park), but it was an incredible day to me.”

Read more about FIGHTING FIRES IN TN WAY KAMBAS link to information/project page

Visit photo gallery

Sunday, July 24, 2016

Info ini adalah info terbaru (17 Desember 2016):

Sehubungan dengan pemunduran waktu dimulainya kegiatan proyek konservasi badak kalimantan di Kutai Barat, Kalimantan Timur, dalam program TFCA Kalimantan, Konsorsium ALeRT-ZSL-IPB-Yayasan Bumi memperbarui pengumuman lowongan kerja atas kebutuhan tenaga-tenaga profesional di bidang konservasi satwa liar, untuk dipekerjakan fulltime pada proyek konservasi badak kalimantan di Kutai Barat, Kalimantan Timur:
(1) Koordinator proyek
(2) Asisten administrasi/keuangan


b. Lebih diutamakan yang berdomisili di Kalimantan Timur (untuk nomor 2)
c. Lebih diutamakan lulusan S1/S2 dibidang  kehutanan atau biologi, atau dokter hewan (untuk nomor 1)
d. Surat Lamaran dan CV email ke alertkaltim@gmail.com, paling lambat 5 Januari 2017
f. Dalam Lamaran sebutkan besaran gaji yang dikehendaki.

Deskripsi Pekerjaan secara umum (Job description)

a. Koordinator Proyek: Mengelola seluruh aspek pelaksanaan program untuk memastikan pencapaian tujuan sesuai dengan kerangka kerja (log-frame) yang telah ditentukan. Memastikan semua aspek manajemen perencanaan, implementasi, supervisi, pelaporan, pemantauan dan evaluasi dapat berjalan dengan baik. Mengkoordinasikan dan mengelola staf, tenaga ahli/konsultan, dan relawan/peneliti dalam mendukung implementasi program. Memastikan prosedur administrasi dan keuangan dilaksanakan sesuai dengan ketentuan yang berlaku, serta mampu menjalin komunikasi dan memperkuat jaringan untuk mendapatkan dukungan para pihak dan memperluas dampak program.
b. Asisten administrasi/keuangan: Membantu Koordinator Administrasi/Keuangan mengelola seluruh aspek administrasi dan keuangan dalam pelaksanaan proyek untuk memastikan pencapaian tujuan sesuai dengan kerangka kerja dan anggaran yang telah ditentukan. 

Saturday, August 9, 2014

Wetlands has important role on ecosystem stability, wildlife diversity, hydrological control and natural resource supply. However, wetlands existence sometimes less considered due to the lack of study and knowledge of their important value. Beside Marine and Coastal Wetlands, Way Kambas National Park also contain of at least 7 inland-wetland types:

  1. Permanent rivers and streams 
  2. Seasonal and irregular rivers and streams 
  3. Riverine floodplains; includes river flats, flooded river basins, seasonally flooded grassland, savanna and palm savanna 
  4. Seasonal freshwater lakes (over 8 ha); floodplain lakes 
  5. Permanent and seasonal, brackish, saline or alkaline lakes, flats and marshes 
  6. Shrubs swamps; shrub-dominated freshwater marsh 
  7. Freshwater swamp forest; seasonally flooded forest, wooded swamps; on inorganic soils 
One of the very important value of these inland wetlands is as important resource on providing freshwater for the wildlife inside the Park.

In the peak of rainy season, more than 25 % (from 125.631,3 hectares total size) of Way Kambas National Park are flooded and covered by fresh water. But during the dry season, more than 60 % of the wetlands are totally dry. This condition should be well monitored and well studied to give a proper management action regarding the fresh water availability for the wildlife, including Sumatran Elephant. Fresh water fluctuation also will effecting on wildlife movement, and distribution. Further, fresh water availability could determine wildlife survival on Way Kambas National Park.

1.  Water Quantity
Water Quantity observation derived from the current water body size, by the time we conduct the observation. Wide and depth of current water on the wetland are measured. Water body cover, and condition are described. Wetland that still has enough fresh water with a good quality ( good for the wildlife), during the driest month of the year, should be consider as essential wetland habitat.

2.  Water Quality
Water quality can be observed by physical, chemical or biological measurement. In this project, we observe the water quality mainly by measuring pH and salinity of the water sample (chemical observation). We also measuring some wetlands for their turbidity (physical observation), with the using of secchi disk.

In this activity, we also record general habitat condition, flora, fauna, and any habitat disturbance.

Specific wetland condition data is not yet available in Way Kambas National Park. Their actual condition, and their year to year fluctuation/development, should be well monitored to gave a proper management recomendation, as wetland function is essential.

Article and photos by Dicky T. Sutanto


Lahan basah memiliki peran penting dalam kestabilan ekosistem, keragaman satwa liar, kontrol hidrologi dan pasokan sumber daya alam. Namun, keberadaan lahan basah terkadang kurang dianggap serius karena terbatasnya studi dan pengetahuan tentang nilai penting lahan basah. Selain lahan basah laut dan pesisir, Taman Nasional Way Kambas juga mempunyai setidaknya 7 jenis lahan basah perairan pedalaman:

  1. Sungai dan aliran air permanen
  2. Sungai dan aliran air musiman dan tidak menentu
  3. Genangan atau luapan air di bantaran sungai, termasuk sungai flat, banjir lembah sungai, banjir musiman padang rumput, savana dan padang kelapa
  4. Danau air tawar musiman (lebih dari 8 hektar); banjir bantaran danau
  5. Danau payau; asin atau alkali, flat dan rawa-rawa, tetap dan musiman
  6. Rawa semak; rawa air tawar yang didominasi semak
  7. Hutan rawa air tawar; hutan banjir musiman, rawa berkayu, di tanah inorganik

Salah satu nilai yang sangat penting dari lahan basah pedalaman adalah sebagai sumber penting dalam penyediaan air tawar untuk satwa liar di dalam kawasan.

Pada puncak musim hujan, lebih dari 25% (dari 125.631 hektar total ukuran) Taman Nasional Way Kambas digenangi dan ditutupi oleh air tawar. Tetapi selama musim kemarau, lebih dari 60% lahan basah benar-benar kering. Kondisi ini harus dipantau seksama dan dipelajari dengan baik untuk menyediakan aksi manajemen yang tepat mengenai ketersediaan air tawar untuk satwaliar, termasuk gajah Sumatera. Fluktuasi air tawar juga akan mempengaruhi gerakan dan distribusi satwaliar.

Selanjutnya, ketersediaan air tawar dapat menentukan keberlangsungan hidup satwaliar di Taman Nasional Way Kambas.

1.  Kuantitas Air
Pengamatan kuantitas air yaitu dengan mengukur badan air terbaru saat sedang melakukan pengamatan. Lebar dan kedalaman air pada lahan basah diukur, juga pelindung badan air dan kondisi dideskripsikan. Lahan basah yang masih memiliki air segar yang cukup dengan kualitas yang baik (untuk satwa liar), selama bulan terkering sepanjang tahun ini, harus dipertimbangkan sebagai habitat lahan basah yang penting.

2.  Kualitas Air

Kualitas air dapat diamati dengan pengukuran fisik, kimia atau biologi. Dalam proyek ini, kami mengamati kualitas air terutama dengan mengukur pH dan salinitas dari sampel air (observasi kimia). Kami juga mengukur kekeruhan dari beberapa lahan basah (pengamatan fisik) dengan menggunakan Secchi Disk.

Dalam kegiatan ini, kami juga mencatat kondisi habitat umum, flora, fauna, dan setiap gangguan habitat. 

Data spesifik mengenai kondisi lahan basah belum tersedia di Taman Nasional Way Kambas. Kondisi aktual dan fluktuasi/perkembangan lahan basah tiap tahunnya harus dipantau untuk memberikan saran manajemen yang tepat, mengingat fungsi lahan basah sangat penting.

Artikel dan foto oleh Dicky T. Sutanto.